Sri Lanka’s President Ranil Wickremesingh has warned of more economic pain to come for the crisis-hit nation, with strict austerity measures needed to restore its ruined finances after an IMF bailout deal.
The International Monetary Fund approved its long-delayed rescue package on Monday after China, the South Asian island’s biggest bilateral lender, offered debt relief assurances.
President Ranil Wickremesinghe lauded the deal in a speech to parliament as a milestone in Sri Lanka’s recovery from last year’s unprecedented economic crisis. He also told lawmakers that the bailout was only the first step in more difficult structural reforms. “The IMF loan is not an end in itself, this is the beginning of a long and more difficult journey,” Wickremesinghe said. “We have to traverse it with care and courage. The only objective is to rebuild the economy.”
Sri Lanka defaulted on its 46 billion US dollars foreign debt last April after nearly exhausting its foreign exchange reserves, making it almost impossible for importers to source vital goods. The island nation’s 22 million people endured months of food and petrol shortages, along with runaway inflation and prolonged blackouts, as a result.
Wickremesinghe has sought to restore government coffers by sharp tax hikes and ending generous consumer subsidies on fuel and electricity. He said more taxes were on the cards to meet the IMF’s demand that Sri Lanka halve its spend on foreign debt servicing from the nine per cent of GDP recorded last year.
The IMF also requires Sri Lanka to set up tough anti-corruption laws and sell off cash-bleeding state companies, including beleaguered carrier Sri Lankan Airlines.
Wickremesinghe said the government would assume the external debts of key public companies to make them more attractive to investors. Trade unions have opposed the austerity program with strikes crippling the health and transport sectors last week and warnings of further industrial action to come.