Tamil Nadu identifies 17 sites for ports to be developed by private sector. The state Maritime Board has identified 17 sites for development as direct berthing and deepwater ports. The Port sites were decided after taking into account the availability of draft, General Marine conditions, minimum burden on existing infrastructure, proximity to hinterland cargo and promotion of regional development, according to Tamil Nadu State Ports Development Policy.
The 17 locations include Cuddalore, Nagapattinam, Rameswaram, Pamban, Kanniyakumari, Colachel, Kattupuli, Ennore minor port, Panaiyur, PY-03 Oil Field, Thiruchopuram, Silambimangalam, Parangipettai, Thirukaddaiyur, Thirkkuvalai, Udangudi and Kudankulam.
Of these 17 locations full- fledged ports are functioning at Katupalli, PY 3 oil field, captive jetty at Udangudi. Another port is under development in Cuddalore for the past five years. The state has several captive ports at Cuddalore and Nagapatinam.
Under the Port policy announced by the Tamil Nadu government a month ago, private or public limited companies making substantial investments in coastal areas requiring port-based facilities will be allotted sites for the construction of ports or jetties, both captive and commercial. The idea is to satisfy requirements of Port-based industries for allocation of sites for the construction of captive ports and to create port facilities.
Keeping in view large investments and development of deepwater ports with multiple berthing facilities and to cater to large vessels, the state will allow private initiatives and provide long-term lease for a period of 30 years. However, on completion of 10 years and upon the request of the operator, the board will review the performance and extend the lease to 99 years.Under the policy, captive ports, existing and those coming up in future, will be permitted to handle other commercial cargo with prior approval of the board. If the port handles only captive cargo, it will be permitted on the principles of build, own and operate (BOO) and if it handles multi-user specific cargo and multi-commercial cargo, it will be permitted on the principle of build, own, operate and share.
If a captive port which handles multi-user specific cargo and multi-commercial cargo but ceases to handle captive cargo, it will be based on the principle of build, own, operate, share and transfer. According to the policy, port could be awarded directly to companies entering into joint venture with government agencies, including public sector undertakings of the state provided a special purpose vehicle is formed to implement and operate the state port under joint venture between the consortium of promoters and government agencies.
The aggregate investment by the government agencies in the equity of the port company should be up to 11 per cent of the equity. The land for the port backup area will be procured by the port company and its nominated agencies. Such land may also include those transferred by the government or its agencies to the port company on a lease basis.